According to the National Institutes of Health, “up to 10 percent of people have difficulty reading, including those of average and even above-average intelligence.”
Although most children and adults have little problem with reading and comprehension, some individuals have difficulty reading; this is because they have reading disabilities.
There are different types of learning/reading disabilities; some of them include developmental dyslexia, alexia, or acquired dyslexia and hyperlexia, or an abnormal reading ability for a particular age, especially in children).
Dyslexia, accounts for the most cases of difficulty reading. A brain-based disorder, it impedes the individual’s reading and comprehension skills. Its degree of severity differs from person to person; nevertheless, dyslexia is not an indicator of intelligence as reading and cognition develop separately. However, it is still a learning and reading disability because the sufferer has difficulty reading and understanding.
CHARACTERISTICS OF DYSLEXIA
Some of the characteristics shared by people with dyslexia include spelling and pronunciation difficulties. The major characteristics of Dyslexia are recognizing words and reading fluently
CAUSES OF DYSLEXIA
Dyslexia is a lifelong problem and is the result of brain trauma or injury in adults. In addition, recent studies show that some people are more susceptible to dyslexia than others are because they have some genes that may make them predisposed to developing the condition.
Although dyslexia is a lifelong problem, there are treatments, and processes that can help the sufferers cope and learn to process information more efficiently; however, the treatments should start early, preferably during childhood because children learn easier and faster than adults do.
Some of the techniques that educators would use to improve the reading skills of dyslexic patients involve hearing, vision, and touch.
The main goal of these exercises would be
? to help them recognize the smallest units that make up words (phonemes)
? to help them understand that letters and groups of letters make up these sounds and words (phonics).
? build reading accuracy and speed by encouraging them to read aloud.
Although dyslexia is a problem that hinders the learning and reading capabilities of the sufferers, dyslexic patients can learn to cope and live better quality lives.